Participatory Planning in Practice
Under the Sustainable Cities Integrated Approach Pilot (SCIAP)
The Sustainable Development Goals (#SDGs) necessitate people centered planning to achieve Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities. In the New Urban Agenda (#NUA), countries pledged to “promoting integrated and participatory approaches that involve all stakeholders in order to avoid segregation.” Thus, input from all stakeholders is required to be sustainable and leave no one behind.
UN-Habitat has followed the people centred process in developing the Urban Sustainable Assessment Framework (#USAF), under the Sustainable Cities Integrated Approach Pilot project being implemented in Bhopal, Guntur, Jaipur, Mysuru and Vijayawada.
City stakeholders were categorized into three tiers for different modalities of consultations based on level of influence and relevance
Tier - 1: Primary users of USAF, conducting urban planning and city management
Tier - 2: Other government sector-wise agencies involved in service provision
Tier - 3: NGOs, interest groups, domain experts and academic institutions in the city, local chamber of commerce
The SCIAP project approach is to empower stakeholders to move from the mere informing stage, towards collaborative consultation and partnership to ensure buy-in and ownership of the processes. The consultation modalities include orientation meetings, disclosures, workshops, and trainings.
In Phase 1, project orientation sessions were conducted in-person through field missions to the five cities in October and November 2019 for Jaipur, Vijayawada, Guntur, and Bhopal and in March 2020 for Mysore. The objective was to present an overview of SCIAP and explain the roles of UNIDO and UN-Habitat, while focusing on Component-1. The initial list of primary data input and GIS layers that was developed based on the rapid appraisal of national and international frameworks, was shared with the officials to begin data collection.
Overall meetings were conducted with 203 officials from 23 organizations (Tier-1, 2 and 3) during the orientation meetings, 16 percent of whom were women.
Phase 1: UN-Habitat and UNIDO team discussing the objectives of SCIAP during project orientations
In Phase 2, between January to September 2020, multiple meetings were conducted with Tier- 1 and 2 stakeholders to obtain data 3. Department heads were oriented to the project, a nodal point was identified for each agency, and the sector-wise primary data input list was shared. Consultations were conducted with 56 organization across the five cities, out of which 10 were Tier- 1 and 46 were Tier- 2 organizations.
In Phase 3, between October and December 2020, discussions with officials were centered on the refined indicators. The objective was to discuss and garner feedback on the indicators, and with the line-departments and sectoral agencies to determine their relevance and priority for the cities. The focus was on building familiarity with the indicators and benchmarking range and discuss the feasibility of aspirational indicators as new data-points that Indian cities would need to develop to report on indicators as per global best-practices.
In Phase 4, hybrid workshops were conducted with Tier 1, 2 and 3 stakeholders for the Demonstration on the Application of the USAF in March 2021. Participants included 225 officials from Tier 1 and 139 officials from Tier 2 and 3.
In Phase 5, hybrid workshops will be conducted with Tier 1, 2 and 3 stakeholders for the Demonstration on the City Diagnostics.